The zoning ordinance is the most common technique local government uses to influence the location and density of development. Every property is assigned a zoning designation that determines what that property can be used for. A property owner can change the zoning of their land for a different use, following well-established procedures outlined by state law and local policy. This is called a "rezoning."
Key Steps Before You File a Petition
- Download the How to Rezone Property (PDF) brochure. It will give you a good idea of the requirements and the process
- Talk to your neighbors about your intentions. Property owners within 300 feet of your property line will be notified of your intent to rezone your property
- Call your Council or Town representative. Since they are part of the legislative body that will ultimately approve or deny your petition, it is important that they have an understanding of your project.
- Contact the Area Plan Commission office and talk to a staff member
Key Steps in the Rezoning Process
- Petition and Ordinance filed with the respective City, Town or County Clerk
- APC staff reviews petition and prepares a recommendation for the Commission
- APC schedules and holds a public hearing
- APC forwards its recommendation to the Council, either favorably, unfavorably or no recommendation
- Council schedules and holds a public hearing
- Council either passes or denies the petition
Some developments may require not only a rezoning, but a Special Exception Use and one or more variances from the development standards. The Plan Commission has established a Combined Hearing procedure where a Special Exception Use and/or any number of variances, along with a rezoning, may be heard at the same hearing before the Plan Commission.